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Session 7 - 2024

Friday, 24th of May

4:00 PM - 6:15 PM (Bucharest Time)

National Agency for Mountain Areas - ANZM

Council Room 2 (Building A)

Language: Romanian

Chair: Dr. hab. Alina-Petronela HALLER (Romania)

Alina-Petronela HALLER, Senior Researcher, PhD hab., ''Gheorghe Zane'' Institute for Economic and Social Research - Romanian Academy, Branch of Iași, Romania

Sustainable Tourism in East Europe: An Analysis of Inbound Tourism

A sector that has experienced high growth in recent decades is tourism. Globalization and digitization have facilitated the development of inbound tourism worldwide. Reality has shown that tourism is highly resilient to shocks, able to recover rapidly after crises regardless of their nature (financial, health, or natural). However, tourism is often associated with environmental risks due to its development's potential to damage the environment. In this context, we analyze the impact of inbound tourism on the environment in Eastern Europe, focusing on the countries of Romania, Bulgaria, and Turkey for the period 2005-2020. Our results, based on data from the World Bank website analyzed using the OLS method, indicate that tourism receipts significantly influence the environment in all three countries, exerting an unsustainable effect. Inbound expenditures are sustainable in Bulgaria, while total inbound receipts are sustainable in Romania, and receipts for travel items are sustainable in Turkey. However, inbound receipts are unsustainable in Bulgaria, and inbound arrivals have the same effect in Romania and Turkey. These results are crucial for informing tourism policy in Eastern Europe. We did not identify a consistent inbound tourism pattern, emphasizing the need for tailored measures in tourism development to ensure a sustainable tourism sector in each country.

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